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Language of India

People often ask IAFL Translation & Interpretation Services about the  "language of India." The "language of India" question deserves a detailed answer. IAFL Translation & Interpretation Services is India's leading translation agency or language services company and can fulfill all your "language of India" related linguistic services needs.

Currently, India has twenty-three(23) official languages and so there are twenty-three contenders for the "language of India" label. However, the number of strongest contenders for language of India label is around ten(10).

Hindi, the strongest contender for "language of India"

Hindi, the pre-dominant language in North-India is the strongest contender for the "language of India" tag. Hindi, the strongest contender for "language of India" tag, is spoken by more than a third of India's populace. India's current population is more than 1 billion (1000 million) and Hindi, the strongest contender for the "language of India" label, is spoken by nearly four-hundred million people, according to the latest Indian census.

No "language of India"

No Indian language can claim to be "language of India" because India is linguistically very diverse.

India is a relatively vast country and its linguistic diversity can be compared to Europe. Just as it wouldn't be right to call a single European language, the "language of Europe"; similarly, it wouldn't be agreeable to call a single Indian language, the  "language of India."

Northern-India is linguistically more homogeneous compared to Southern or Eastern or Western India and Hindi, the strongest contender for the "language  of India" label, is intelligible to a large extent in Eastern and Western India too.

Official Indian languages or the contest for becoming the "language of India"

There are literally tens of languages spoken in India, though they are usually intelligible with a major Indian language, and various groups lobby and have successfully lobbied to get their languages entered in the "language of India" contest by getting them recognized as official Indian languages.

In the last decade the number of official Indian languages was eighteen and currently, it stands at twenty-three.

The list of major Indian languages that can claim to be the "language of India" along with the indicative number of speakers, is:

"Language of India" Indicative number of speakers
Hindi 337 million
Urdu 250 million
Telugu 100 million
Bengali(Bangla) 69 million
Marathi 62 million
Tamil 53 million
Gujarati(Gujurati/Gujerati) 40 million
Kannada 40 million
Malayalam 30 million
Oriya 28 million
Punjabi 23 million
Assamese 13 million
Konkani 7.5 million
Kashmiri(Koshur) 4.5 million
Dogri 2 million
Bodo(Boro) 1.5 million
Manipuri(Meitei) 1.5 million

Different Indian languages are spoken in different parts of India and so can claim to be the "language of India"

The major languages of North India are: Hindi,Urdu, Punjabi, Kashmiri and Dogri.

The major languages of South India are: Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, and Malayalam.

The major languages of East India are: Bengali, Assamese, Oriya, and Manipuri.

The major languages of Western India are: Gujarati, Marathi and Konkani.

English is also one of India's official languages and a somewhat weak contender for the "language of India" distinction

English is understood throughout India, but less than 5% of the Indians comprehend it well. The English used in India is many times called Indian English and most Indians who understand English well are challenged when words common in the USA or the UK are used.

The reason English is a weak contender of the "language of India" distinction is that English is not widely understood, particularly in the Indian rural areas.

Translating into a language contending for the "language of India" label is critical to the popularity of mass-market products and those with wide appeal.

IAFL Translation & Interpretation Services also provides translations in Pakistan's languages, Bangladesh's language, Sri Lanka's languages, Nepal's language, Afghanistan's languages, Bhutan's languages, Myanmar's language, and Arabic and Farsi.

Know more about the contenders for language of India: <Hindi, UrduDari, Pushto(Pashto/Pushtu/Pukhtu), Punjabi, Bengali, Gujarati(Gujurati/Gujerati), Marathi, Tamil,Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam,
Sinhala(Sinhalese/Singhalese), Nepali(Nepalese), Tibetan,
Myanmarese(Burmese), Bodo(Boro), Bhutanese, SanskritAssamese,Konkani, Oriya, DogriManipuri(Meitei) , etc.

For advice regarding which Indian language(s) is/are suitable for your translation needs, please contact us or visit our office. We reply to 95% of all emails within 1 hour, so do contact us or visit our office, for linguistic services in any of the contenders for the "language of India" distinction or a free quote:

IAFL Translation & Interpretation Services
HS 27 FF
Kailash Colony
New Delhi 110048
Email: info@iaflindia.com
[We respond to 95% 
of all emails within 1

Tel: +91-11-29235313
Fax: +91-11-29235557

(Office hours: 9:30 AM to 7:30 PM; New Delhi is +5:30 hours GMT)

Telephones (after office hours): +91-11-4101-1843, +91-98111-49584 (mobile)

We also provide Cross-Cultural Briefings for those wanting to make the most of their stay in India, Our Cross-Cultural Briefings are useful, or arguably essential, fr those relocating for work and their families.

We have associates and translators in the following cities around the world:

Adelaide (Australia), Amsterdam (Netherlands), Athens (Greece), Atlanta (GA) (United States), Auckland (New Zealand), Austin (TX) (United States), Baltimore (MD) (United States), Barcelona (Spain), Berlin (Germany), Birmingham (United Kingdom), Bonn (Germany), Boston (MA) (United States), Bremen (Germany), Brisbane (Australia), Bristol (United Kingdom), Brussels (Belgium), Calgary (Canada), Charlotte (NC) (United States), Chiba (Japan), Chicago (IL) (United States), Columbus (OH) (United States), Dallas (TX) (United States), Denver (CO) (United States), Detroit (MI) (United States), Dortmund (Germany), Dublin (Ireland), Duisburg (Germany), Düsseldorf (Germany), Edmonton (Canada), El Paso (TX) (United States), Essen (Germany), Fort Worth (TX) (United States), Frankfurt am Main (Germany), Fukuoka (Japan), Funabashi (Japan), Genova (Italy), Glasgow (United Kingdom), Gold Coast-Tweed (Australia), Göteborg (Sweden), Hachioji (Japan), Hamamatsu (Japan), Hamburg (Germany), Hamilton (Canada), Helsinki (Finland), Hiroshima (Japan), Hong Kong (China), Houston (TX) (United States), Indianapolis (IN) (United States), Jacksonville (FL) (United States), Jerusalem (Israel), Kagoshima (Japan), Kawasaki (Japan), Kitakyushu (Japan), Kobe (Japan), Köln (Germany), Kumamoto (Japan), Kyoto (Japan), Las Vegas (NV) (United States), Lisbon (Portugal), Liverpool (United Kingdom), London (United Kingdom), Los Angeles (CA) (United States), Louisville (KY) (United States), Madrid (Spain), Málaga (Spain), Malmö (Sweden), Manchester (United Kingdom), Marseille (France), Melbourne (Australia), Memphis (TN) (United States), Miami (FL) (United States), Milan (Milano) (Italy), Milwaukee (WI) (United States), Minneapolis (MN) (United States), Montréal (Canada), München (Germany), Nagoya (Japan), Naples (Napoli) (Italy), Nashville-Davidson (TN) (United States), New York (NY) (United States), Niigata (Japan), Nottingham (United Kingdom), Oklahoma City (OK) (United States), Osaka (Japan), Oslo (Norway), Ottawa (Canada), Palermo (Italy), Paris (France), Perth (Australia), Philadelphia (PA) (United States), Phoenix (AZ) (United States), Portland (OR) (United States), Preston (United), Kingdom), Québec (Canada), Rome (Italy), Rotterdam (Netherlands), Sagamihara (Japan), Saitama (Japan), San Antonio (TX) (United States), San Diego (CA) (United States), San Francisco (CA) (United States), San Jose (CA) (United States), Sapporo (Japan), Seattle (WA) (United States), Sendai (Japan), Sevilla (Spain), Sheffield (United Kingdom), Shizuoka (Japan), Singapore (Singapore), St. Louis (MO) (United States), Stockholm (Sweden), Stuttgart (Germany), Sydney (Australia), Taipei (Taiwan (China ROC), Tampa (FL) (United States), The Hague (Netherlands), Tokyo (Japan), Torino (Italy), Toronto (Canada), Tyneside (United Kingdom), Valencia (Spain), Vancouver (Canada), Vienna (Austria), Washington (DC) (United States), West Midlands (United Kingdom), West Yorkshire (United Kingdom), Winnipeg (Canada), Yokohama (Japan) and Zürich (Switzerland).

IAFL Translation & Interpretation Services has associates and translators in Mumbai(Bombay), Chennai(Madras), Kolkata(Calcutta), Bangalore, Hyderabad, Mysore, Pune, Islamabad(Pakistan), Lahore(Pakistan), Karachi(Pakistan), Kathmandu(Nepal), Colombo(Sri Lanka), Dhaka(Bangladesh), Kabul(Afghanistan), Thimphu(Bhutan),Yangon (Rangoon)[Myanmar], and many other places in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Bhutan and Myanmar.

Learn English in Delhi, New Delhi, Gurgaon, Faridabad, Noida, Greater Noida, Ghaziabad, Delhi-NCR, etc.